The Hawk
      Hardened against the extremes of the arctic environment, typically referred to as "The Hawk," Manchus of the '60s were capable of bivouacking without the protection of anything other than their sleeping bags and ponchos, even in the coldest months of winter. Dehydration can be a real problem in winter for a number of reasons. Carrying rucksacks of 45 lb and more along with a 10 lb M1 rifle, and frequently pulling as much as 300 lb of equipment on a cross-country sled called an "akhio," Manchus of the early '60s often lost a lot of water through respiration. Added to this, the cold weather in Alaska's interior produces air which is very dry. While drinking water would seem the simple way to solve the problem, temperatures ranging from -20 to -70 freeze canteens pretty quickly, and while there's plenty of snow around, eating it can lower body temperature, especially if a trooper becomes tired. To keep water from freezing overnight, men kept their canteens with them in their sleeping bags. Sitting on his rucksack, Sp 4 David Cormack, from Combat Support Co., drinks up before hitting the trail.
Frank Lurz 1961/63
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